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SSH Access

reMarkable have kindly enabled ssh access to the device by default after version 2.0.2.*. If you are still on a lower version upgrade now. There are no user accounts so you need to use the root account to log into the device. As this is the Linux superuser account, please be aware that you can break things easily with this account if you aren't careful.

Connecting via ssh

The password for the root account is randomly created by the software on the device when it starts and is visible at the bottom of the Compliance statements in the About section of the reMarkable settings:

  • rM icon at the top left of the home page on the device
    • About
      • Copyrights and licenses
        • General information (Top of column listing various pieces of software)
          • At the bottom of the content window in the bottom right corner of the screen will be a section on GPLv3 Compliance. Towards the bottom of this section should be text that says “To do so, this device acts as an USB ethernet device, and you can connect using the SSH protocol using the username 'root' and the password 'XXXXX'. The IP address available to connect to are listed below:”.

The first IP looking like “” will let you connect with a usb cable. If you're connected to the wifi, a second IP starting with 192.168.* will appear,which enables you to connect wirelessly to your remarkable, using a device on the same network.

ssh root@192.168.x.x

You could also use the default host name “remarkable”.

ssh root@remarkable

You will need an ssh client for your machine, for example putty on a PC, terminal on a Mac or Linux box, chronos shell from a Chromebook (in developer mode). WinSCP can help you transfer files easier from your Windows PC to your reMarkable.

Example from a Chromebook shell (in developer mode) using the first IP:

chronos@localhost ~ $ ssh root@
root@'s password: 
╺━┓┏━╸┏━┓┏━┓   ┏━╸┏━┓┏━┓╻ ╻╻╺┳╸┏━┓┏━┓
┏━┛┣╸ ┣┳┛┃ ┃   ┃╺┓┣┳┛┣━┫┃┏┛┃ ┃ ┣━┫┗━┓
┗━╸┗━╸╹┗╸┗━┛   ┗━┛╹┗╸╹ ╹┗┛ ╹ ╹ ╹ ╹┗━┛
remarkable: ~/

Host alias in .ssh/config

You can set up an alias that's easier to remember by adding the following lines to the .ssh/config file on your computer:

host remarkable
        User root

Setting up ssh-keys

The reMarkable uses dropbear (via busybox) for its ssh server and supports ssh keys (definitely rsa, as there have been some issues with ed25519 SHA256 keys). By doing so, you can save yourself from entering the random password in the future.

On your host machine, generate a ssh-key if you haven't done so already

$ ssh-keygen
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/chronos/user/.ssh/id_rsa): 
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /home/chronos/user/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/chronos/user/.ssh/
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:kONWRVsc4pHeO/ObKieTqJO2A6ZdqY5Zv2v+70SaVD0 chronos@localhost
The key's randomart image is:
+---[RSA 2048]----+
|         .=oo.   |
|       . o.*.    |
|      + ..+.E    |
|     . + .. ..   |
|      o.S .  .   |
|    o.o. +  +    |
|   +.+ .o... +   |
|  .+o.* ..= . .. |
|  o..+BO.oo=..o. |

With ssh-copy-id

To authorize your host machine on the reMarkable using ssh-copy-id

$ ssh-copy-id root@
/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: Source of key(s) to be installed: "/home/chronos/user/.ssh/"
/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: attempting to log in with the new key(s), to filter out any that are already installed
/usr/bin/ssh-copy-id: INFO: 1 key(s) remain to be installed -- if you are prompted now it is to install the new keys
root@'s password: 

Number of key(s) added: 1

Now try logging into the machine, with:   "ssh 'root@'"
and check to make sure that only the key(s) you wanted were added.

The reMarkable should be accessible to the host machine without providing a password.

Without ssh-copy-id

To copy and authorize your ssh keys without ssh-copy, begin by creating a .ssh directory on your reMarkable

remarkable: ~/ mkdir /home/root/.ssh

On your host machine, proceed by appending your host key to the devices authentication list

$ cat ~/.ssh/ | ssh root@ “cat » .ssh/authorized_keys”

On your reMarkable, set the access rights of the .ssh directory to read-only

remarkable: ~/ chmod -R og-rwx /home/root/.ssh

The reMarkable should be accessible to the host machine without providing a password.

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tech/ssh.txt · Last modified: 2020/04/06 13:07 by utopiah